Utilizing Agreements and Frameworks on International Economic and Trade Cooperation in the ASEAN Community
Currently, ASEAN member countries, including Thailand, Cambodia, Laos PDR, Myanmar, and Vietnam has given more importance to the issue of trade facilitation. As part of WTO (World Trade Organization) there are also specific rules “Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA)” which forms the basis of the ASEAN Trade Facilitation Framework (ATFF).
ASEAN Member States have placed greater emphasis on the issue of trade facilitation, which is identified as a key strategic issue and clearly formulated policies in this area, thus various countries major policies and rules have been revised to be more in line with the principles under which international agreements have been re-established and more in line with the principles of trade facilitation.
This can be seen from the amendments to the customs law that adopted the principles of the Kyoto Treaty or the issuance of regulations to certify the ASEAN Certificate of Origin. But some laws do not specify the conditions for applying that law in practice. Even though it is legally guaranteed, it is not actually enforced. Each country has improved its legislative process to be more transparent by increasing the process of hearing stakeholders’ opinions on the bill. by requiring that public hearings be conducted in accordance with good international principles in addition, a website has been created to disseminate relevant laws and regulations in accordance with the ASEAN Framework Agreement.
THAC’S NEWS & ARTICLES
Thailand Arbitration Center (THAC) has signed an MoU with the Department of Intellectual property and aims to develop an online dispute resolution (ODR) system. The institute has an online dispute resolution system that supports potential disputes, including:
1. “Talk DD” System where disputing parties can initiate legal proceedings and can end via online system that is easy to use, convenient to end disputes in all cases, whether negotiating conciliation or arbitration
2. “AMO 247” System in case of arbitration is suitable for complex disputes such as the starting a case, answering an objection, etc. to be easy. through electronic document submission the disputed parties no need to come to the THAC.
The report from GII 2021 also states Thailand’s higher innovation capacity due to innovation development policy and systems that provide information and online consultation as a result, Thailand has been successful in this arena. and is likely to continue to develop